Funerary world

Roman funerary rites demonstrate their fear of the afterlife. They held vigils, funeral processions, banquets, music and dances for several days. The dead were usually buried with grave goods and offerings that could include food, ointments, ceramic and glass objects, personal ornaments and a coin in the mouth as payment for passage to the afterlife.
Romans practiced both cremation and inhumation, and their cementeries were located preferentially along the access roads to towns. Cremations were placed in urns and inhumations in plain pits, graves with tiles, amphorae and wood, stone or lead sarcophagi, or funerary monuments. Individual or family graves could sometimes have inscriptions concerning the deceased.


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