Eneolithic: the appearance of metals

From the third millennium B.C. onwards, peasant communities built their villages near farmland. Copper daggers, awls, spear points and axes are added to flint, bone and polished stone tools, as seen in the findings from Ereta del Pedregal (Navarrés) and Rambla Castellarda (Lliria). The increasing social complexity is manifested in the funeral ritual, using natural caves as necropolis in which grave goods are deposited. These elements of material culture comprise everyday objects and different kinds of idols, as in Cova de la Pastora (Alcoy), in which the practice of cranial trepanation is also documented. Towards the mid-third millennium B.C., vessels of the Bell-Beaker culture appear.


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